RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN IMPULSIVITY, PSYCHOLOGICAL INFLEXIBILITY AND PSYCOPATHOLOGY IN SUBJECTS WITH NICOTINE DEPENDENCE

Main Article Content

Montserrath Flores-Guerrero
Teresita Romero-Ogawa
Irene Aurora Espinosa-de Santillana
Indiana Dorisella Torres-Escobar

Abstract

Introduction: impulsivity and psychological inflexibility characterize relapses in nicotine


dependent subjects. Furthermore, psychopathology symptoms (depression, anxiety, hostility


and somatization) are also related to the tobacco consumption. Objective: to evaluate the


correlation of impulsivity with psychological inflexibility, and symptoms of psychopathology


in nicotine dependent subjects. Method: An observational study was carried out, the universe of


which was the patients who attended the smoking clinic of the State Center for Mental Health


for the first time (January-March 2020). The sample were 24 patients to whom a series of valid


and reliable instruments were applied: the Fagerstr.m test to measure nicotine dependence, the


Barratt impulsivity scale, the Acceptance and Action questionnaire to measure the inflexibility


score and the SCL-90 symptom list, to identify psychopathology symptoms. Correlations were


made with the Spearman test. Results: No correlation was found between impulsivity and


psychological inflexibility. There was a correlation of impulsivity with anxiety (r= 0,467, p <


0,05), somatization (r=0,451, p<0,05) and hostility (r= 0,426, p < 0,05). None of the


psychopathology symptoms correlated with psychological inflexibility. The comparison


between high and low impulsivity and psychological inflexibility showed that the high


impulsivity and low inflexibility groups had high scores for psychopathology symptoms. Only


the anxiety scale marked significant differences according to the level of impulsivity.


Conclusions: impulsivity and psychological inflexibility did not correlate. Impulsivity


correlated with symptoms of anxiety and somatization. The inflexibility did not correlate with


any symptoms of psychopathology.

Keywords:
smoking ,  impulsivity behavior ,  psychological inflexibility ,  anxiety ,  somatization
Published: May 15, 2023

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Flores-Guerrero M, Romero-Ogawa T, Espinosa-de Santillana IA, Torres-Escobar ID. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN IMPULSIVITY, PSYCHOLOGICAL INFLEXIBILITY AND PSYCOPATHOLOGY IN SUBJECTS WITH NICOTINE DEPENDENCE. RIIAD [Internet]. 2023 May 15 [cited 2024 Feb. 20];9(1):42-50. Available from: http://riiad.org/index.php/riiad/article/view/riiad-2023-1-05
Section
Original articles